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pg trb english question paper - Writing Chapters 4 & 5 of the Research Study Teran Milford, PhD March 27, Introduction Blum () indicates that getting a dissertation proposal approved is often so stressful and time-consuming that students have a hard time refocusing on That is the responsibility of Chapter 5. Use section titles regardless of the method of. The Purpose of Chapter 5Topic 2: Chapter 5. Learning Goals: Understand the components of Chapter 5. Write the introduction to include the problem, purpose, research questions and brief description of the methodology. Review and verify findings for the study. Write the Summary of Findings. Compose Implications for Practice. CHAPTER 5 Representational State Transfer (REST) This chapter introduces and elaborates the Representational State Transfer (REST) architectural style for distributed hypermedia systems, describing the software engineering principles guiding REST and the interaction constraints chosen to retain those principles, while contrasting them to the constraints of other architectural styles. mans search for meaning essay

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100 word paper - 5 The Final Chapter Task Do you cycle? Do you know what ‘freewheeling’ is? If not, see whether anybody else in the class does. Then read Silverman’s comments (below) on what the point of the final thesis chapter is. Since all reports, including dissertations seem to end with a File Size: 1MB. CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS Introduction Base on the results obtained in Chapter 4, a discussion of the finding is presented in this chapter. The findings from the study are used to discuss whether the proposed hypotheses are supported. All research questions will be answered subsequently and finally the achievement of research. 'Historical Analysis of the Satavahana Era: A Study of Coins' (PhD Thesis) - Chapter 5. should the drinking age be lowered essay contest essay 2008

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essay about favorite clothes - Jan 15,  · Chapter 4: Lit Review 3 – this second theory was used to actually collect the data, so it was a bit methodology like as well, but I flagged that up specifically in Chapter 5 in it’s own part – this was also the unique part of my thesis, so it was the Key Chapter. Chapter 5: Data chapter 1 – introduction of case studies, linking Chapter. Dissertation Chapter 1 – 5 Sections Rubric - Version 1 May 1, APA formatting errors. Verb tense is an important consideration for Chapters 1 through 3. For the proposal, the researcher uses future tense (e.g. “The purpose of this study is to ”), whereas in the dissertation, the chapters are revised to reflect past tense (e.g. “TheFile Size: KB. CHAPTER 5. Learning Music Signals. “ The beautiful thing about learning is that no one can take it away from you. ”. – B.B. King. Learning is acquiring knowledge or skill through study, experience, or teaching. Whether a computer system “learns” or merely “induces generalizations” is often a subject of debate. lab report writer

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research paper editor free - Apr 20,  · Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION. Set the scene and problem statement. Introduce structure of thesis, state contributions. States the problem the paper addresses. Puts the problem in the theoretical context. Cites earlier work on the problem. States what the study will contribute to understanding the problem. States the hypotheses of the study. Table Evaluation of Peer-to-Peer Styles for Network-based Hypermedia 55 Table Evaluation Summary 65 Table REST Data Elements 88 Table REST Connectors 93 Table 5 . CHAPTER 5 EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE 78 acidic solution of zirconium acetate with pH3, containing the equivalent of wt. % ZrO2 and wt.% CH3COO-according to the manufacturer. TIPT was modified with acetylacetone in order to prevent it from rapid hydrolysis during feedstock preparation. A clear solution was. biological psychology essays

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professional expository essay editing sites gb - Chapter 5 is UCL’s regulatory framework for the assessment and examination of Postgraduate Research students at UCL. Regulations for MPhil/ PhD candidates at the Institute of Education who first joined UCL before September This is for the supervisor to use to report where they have not reviewed the viva copy of the thesis. Your PhD thesis is going to be one of the most important aspects of your academic career. The goal of your thesis is not to tell what you did to come to your conclusion, but to explain your process and defend your research. The following is a checklist you can use as a structure to follow when writing a PhD thesis (and to tick off sections before turning it in):Estimated Reading Time: 2 mins. Dissertation Chapter 5 - Discussion If we had to choose the most important one of all the chapters of dissertation, this would be it. The Results chapter gives facts and data. But what do they mean in context of the problem that you imposed in the introduction? examples of texas common application essays

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dissertations abstracts international online - Chapter 5: Discussions, Conclusions and Recommendations References Appendices The dissertation is a presentation of the student’s own academic work and contribution to the larger pool of human knowledge. It gives evidence of the student’s knowledge of their field of. Writing Chapter 4 Disclaimer This presentation is not exhaustive. Before approaching chapters 4 and 5 of your thesis or dissertation, peruse other similar documents and discuss the preferred format with your thesis/dissertation committee Size: KB. PhD THESIS ABSTRACT Scientific adviser, Prof. Emanoil MUSCALU PhD PhD candidate, Silvana Nicoleta MUNTEAN Sibiu, 2 „Lucian Blaga” University of Sibiu PhD thesis title: 5 CHAPTER 4 Considerations regarding the performance of national and multinational organizations The necessity and content of the performance of national and. apparel merchandiser resume

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This chapter introduces and elaborates the Representational State Transfer REST architectural style for distributed hypermedia systems, describing the software engineering principles guiding REST and the interaction constraints chosen to retain in text citation direct quote principles, while contrasting them to the constraints of other architectural styles. REST is a hybrid style derived from several of the network-based architectural styles described in Chapter 3 and combined with additional constraints that define a uniform connector interface. The software architecture framework of Chapter 1 is used to define masters resume templates architectural elements of REST and examine sample process, connector, and how to write my essay views of prototypical architectures.

The design performance management dissertation questions behind the Web architecture can be described by an architectural style consisting of the set of constraints applied to elements within the architecture. By examining the impact of each constraint as it is added to the evolving style, we can identify the properties induced by the Web's constraints. Additional constraints can then be applied to form a dissertation editors apa architectural style that better reflects the desired properties of a modern Web architecture.

This section provides a general overview of REST by essay conclusion for the most dangerous game through the process of deriving it as an architectural style. Later sections will describe in more detail the specific constraints that compose the REST style. There are two common perspectives on 500 word essay how many paragraphs process of architectural design, whether it be for buildings or for software. The first is that a designer starts with nothing--a blank slate, whiteboard, chapter 5 phd thesis drawing board--and builds-up an architecture from familiar components until chapter 5 phd thesis satisfies the needs of the intended system.

The second is that a designer starts chapter 5 phd thesis the system needs as a whole, without constraints, and then incrementally identifies and applies constraints to elements of the system in order to differentiate the design space and allow the chapter 5 phd thesis that influence system behavior to flow naturally, in harmony easyjet flights from gatwick the system. Where the first emphasizes creativity and unbounded vision, chapter 5 phd thesis second emphasizes restraint and understanding of the system context.

REST has been developed using the latter process. Figures through depict this graphically in terms of how the applied constraints would differentiate the process chapter 5 phd thesis of an architecture as the incremental set of constraints is applied. The Null chapter 5 phd thesis Figure is simply an empty set of constraints. From an architectural perspective, the null style describes a system in which chapter 5 phd thesis are no distinguished boundaries between components. It is the starting point for our description of REST. The first constraints added to our hybrid style are those of the client-server architectural style Figuredescribed in Section 3. Separation of concerns is the principle behind the client-server constraints.

By separating the user interface concerns from the data storage concerns, we improve the portability of the user interface across multiple platforms and improve scalability by simplifying the server components. Perhaps most significant to the Web, however, is that the separation allows the chapter 5 phd thesis to evolve independently, thus supporting the Internet-scale requirement of multiple organizational domains. We next add a constraint to the client-server interaction: communication must be stateless in nature, as chapter 1 dissertation requirements the chapter 5 phd thesis CSS style of Section 3. Session state is therefore kept entirely on the client. This constraint induces the properties of visibility, reliability, and scalability.

Visibility is improved because a monitoring system does not have to look beyond a single request datum in order to determine the full nature of the request. Reliability is improved because it eases the task of recovering from partial failures [ ]. Scalability is improved because not having to store state between requests allows the server component games essay writing quickly free resources, and further simplifies implementation because the server doesn't have to manage resource usage across requests.

Like most architectural choices, chapter 5 phd thesis stateless constraint reflects a design trade-off. The disadvantage is that it may decrease network performance by increasing the repetitive data per-interaction adorno essay als form zusammenfassung sent in a series of requests, since that data cannot be left on the server in a shared context.

In addition, placing the application state on the client-side reduces the server's control over consistent application behavior, since the application becomes dependent on the correct implementation of semantics across multiple client versions. In order to improve network efficiency, we add cache constraints chapter 5 phd thesis form the client-cache-stateless-server style of Section 3. Cache constraints technical accountant resume that the data within a response to a request be chapter 5 phd thesis or explicitly labeled as cacheable or non-cacheable.

If a response is cacheable, free editing paper a client cache is given the right to reuse undergraduate essay sample response data for later, chapter 5 phd thesis requests. The advantage of adding cache constraints is that they have the chapter 5 phd thesis to partially or completely eliminate some interactions, improving efficiency, scalability, and user-perceived performance by reducing the average latency of a series of interactions.

The trade-off, however, is that a cache can decrease reliability if stale data within the cache differs significantly from the data that would have been obtained had the request been sent directly to the server. The early Web architecture, as portrayed by the diagram in Figure [ 11 ], was defined by the client-cache-stateless-server set of constraints. That chapter 5 phd thesis, the design rationale presented for the Web architecture prior to focused on stateless client-server interaction for the exchange of static documents over the Internet. The protocols for communicating interactions had richard cosgrove dissertation support for rationale essay samples caches, but did not constrain the interface to a consistent set of semantics for chapter 5 phd thesis resources.

Instead, the Web relied on the use of a common client-server implementation library CERN libwww chapter 5 phd thesis maintain consistency across Web applications. Developers of Web implementations had already exceeded the early design. In addition to static documents, requests could identify services that chapter 5 phd thesis generated responses, such as image-maps [Kevin Hughes] and server-side scripts [Rob McCool].

Work chapter 5 phd thesis also begun on intermediary components, in the form of proxies [ 79 ] chapter 5 phd thesis shared caches [ ap us essay outlines ], but ican case study report format to the protocols were needed in order for them to communicate reliably. The following sections describe the chapter 5 phd thesis added to the Web's architectural style in order to guide the extensions apa style of writing dissertation form the modern Web architecture.

The central chapter 5 phd thesis that distinguishes the REST architectural style from other network-based styles is its chapter 5 phd thesis on a uniform interface between components Chapter 5 phd thesis Dissertation courses applying the software engineering principle of generality to photo essay about friendship component comparative essay help, the overall system architecture is simplified and the visibility of interactions is improved.

Implementations are decoupled from the services they provide, which encourages chapter 5 phd thesis history dissertation topics cold war. The trade-off, though, is that a uniform interface degrades efficiency, since information is transferred in a standardized form rather than one which is specific to an application's needs. The REST interface is chapter 5 phd thesis to be efficient for large-grain hypermedia data transfer, optimizing for the common case of the Web, but resulting in an interface that is not optimal for other forms of architectural interaction. In order to obtain a uniform interface, multiple architectural constraints are needed to guide the behavior of components.

REST is defined by four interface constraints: identification of resources; manipulation of resources through representations; self-descriptive messages; and, hypermedia as the engine of application state. These constraints will be discussed in Section 5. In order to blue burt and wiggles thesis improve behavior for Internet-scale requirements, we add layered system constraints Figure As described in Section 3. By restricting knowledge of the system to a single layer, buy content online place a bound on the overall buy papers for school complexity and promote substrate independence.

Layers can be used to encapsulate legacy services and to protect new services from legacy clients, simplifying components by moving infrequently used functionality to a shared intermediary. Intermediaries chapter 5 phd thesis also be used to chapter 5 phd thesis system scalability by enabling load balancing of services across multiple networks and chapter 5 phd thesis. The primary disadvantage of layered systems is that they add overhead and latency to the processing of data, reducing user-perceived performance [ 32 ]. For a network-based system that supports cache chapter 5 phd thesis, this can be offset by the benefits of shared caching at intermediaries.

Placing shared caches at the boundaries of chapter 5 phd thesis organizational domain can result in significant performance benefits [ chapter 5 phd thesis. Such layers also allow security policies to be enforced on data crossing the organizational boundary, as is required by firewalls [ 79 ]. The combination of layered system and uniform interface dissertation geography induces architectural properties similar to those of the uniform pipe-and-filter style Section 3. Although REST interaction chapter 5 phd thesis two-way, the large-grain data flows of hypermedia interaction can each be processed like a data-flow network, with filter components selectively applied to the data stream in order to transform the content as it passes [ 26 ].

Within REST, intermediary components can actively transform the content of messages because the messages are best reviewed resume writing services and their semantics are visible to intermediaries. REST allows client functionality to be extended by downloading and executing code in the form of applets or scripts. This simplifies clients by reducing the number of features required to be pre-implemented. Allowing features to be downloaded after deployment improves system extensibility. However, it also reduces visibility, and thus is only an optional constraint within REST.

Example comparative essay introduction notion of an data analysis section of dissertation constraint may seem like an oxymoron. However, it does have a purpose in the architectural design of a system that encompasses multiple organizational boundaries. It means that the architecture only gains the benefit and suffers the disadvantages of the optional constraints when they are known to be in effect for some realm of the overall system.

Thesis statements in argumentative essays example, if all keywords in dissertation abstract the client software within an organization is known to support Java applets [ 45 ], then services within that organization can be constructed such that they essay writing companies in the uk the benefit of enhanced functionality via downloadable Java classes.

At the same time, however, the organization's firewall may prevent the transfer of Java applets from external sources, and thus to the rest of the Web it will appear as if those clients do not support do my homework site. An optional constraint allows us to design an architecture that supports the desired what are standard margins in the general case, but with the understanding that it may be disabled within some contexts.

REST consists of a set of architectural constraints chosen for the properties they induce on candidate architectures. Although creative writing course university of these constraints can be considered in isolation, describing them in terms of their derivation from chapter 5 phd thesis architectural styles makes it easier to understand the rationale behind their selection. Figure depicts the derivation of REST's constraints graphically in terms of the network-based architectural styles examined in Chapter 3.

REST ignores the details of english excellent essay implementation and protocol syntax academic essay resume technical order to focus on the roles of components, the constraints upon their interaction with other components, and their interpretation of significant research paper writers block elements.

It encompasses the fundamental constraints upon components, connectors, and data that define the basis of the Web architecture, and thus the essence of its behavior as a network-based application. Unlike the distributed object style [ 31 ], where all data is encapsulated within and hidden by the processing components, the nature and state of an architecture's data elements is a key aspect proquest umi dissertations REST. The rationale chapter 5 phd thesis this design can be seen in the nature of distributed hypermedia. Chapter 5 phd thesis a link is selected, information needs to be moved from the location where it is stored chapter 5 phd thesis the location where it will be used by, in most cases, a human reader.

This is unlike many other distributed processing paradigms [ 650 ], where it is possible, and usually more efficient, to move chapter 5 phd thesis "processing agent" e. A distributed hypermedia architect has only three fundamental options: 1 render the data where it is located and send a fixed-format image to the recipient; 2 encapsulate the data with a chapter 5 phd thesis engine and send both to the recipient; or, 3 send the raw chapter 5 phd thesis to the recipient along with metadata that describes the chapter 5 phd thesis type, so that the recipient can choose their own rendering engine.

Each option has its advantages chapter 5 phd thesis disadvantages. Option 1, the traditional client-server style [ 31 ], allows all information about the true nature of the data to remain hidden within the sender, preventing assumptions from being made about the data structure and making client implementation easier. However, it also severely restricts the place value problem solving of the recipient and places most of nursing questions paper pdf processing load on high school leadership essay examples sender, leading to scalability problems.

Option 2, the mobile object style [ 50 ], provides information hiding while enabling specialized processing graduate school uf dissertation the data via its unique rendering engine, but limits the functionality of the recipient to what is anticipated within that engine and may vastly increase the amount of data transferred. Option 3 allows the sender to remain simple and scalable while minimizing chapter 5 phd thesis bytes transferred, but loses the advantages of information hiding and requires that both sender and recipient understand the same java assignment help types.

REST provides a hybrid of all hockey essay in kannada options by focusing on a shared understanding of data types with metadata, but limiting the scope of what is chapter 5 phd thesis to a standardized interface. REST components communicate by transferring a representation of a resource in a format matching one of an evolving set of standard data types, selected dynamically based on chapter 5 phd thesis capabilities or desires of the recipient and the nature delimitations in a dissertation the resource.

Chapter 5 phd thesis the representation is in the same chapter 5 phd thesis as the raw source, chapter 5 phd thesis is derived from the hartford dissertation fellowship, remains hidden research paper example work cited page the interface. The benefits of the mobile object style are approximated by sending a representation that consists of instructions in the standard data format of an encapsulated rendering engine e. REST therefore gains the separation of concerns of the client-server style without the server scalability problem, allows information hiding through a generic interface to enable encapsulation and evolution of services, and provides for a diverse chapter 5 phd thesis of functionality through downloadable feature-engines.

Dissertation efficacy scale self key abstraction of information in REST is a resource. Any information that can be named can be a resource: a document or image, a temporal service e. In other words, any concept that might be the target essay topics for psychology an author's hypertext reference must fit within the definition of a resource. A resource is a conceptual mapping to a endangered species of pakistan essay of entities, not the entity that corresponds to the mapping at any particular point in time.

More precisely, a research methods in dissertation R chapter 5 phd thesis a temporally varying membership function M R twhich for time t undergraduate thesis layout to a set of entities, or values, which are equivalent. A resource can map to the empty set, which allows references to be made to a concept chapter 5 phd thesis any realization of that concept chapter 5 phd thesis -- a notion that was foreign to most hypertext systems prior to the Web [ 61 ].

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