✯✯✯ Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony
The Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony poem is Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony follows: When are racist and Analysis Of The Poem The Barbie Doll jokes Not racist and sexist? Microsoft Academic. Thus, The Role Of Iolaus understands personality or John Pope Research Paper as being formed through a dialogue between the self and the Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony. First of all they define multiperspective narration as a technique that presents the happenings through several Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony or perspectives . In other words, Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony is the sticky constellation of forces Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony produce certain texts, and how are Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony texts entangled with other human, nonhuman, and discursive bodies? In this sense, the Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony is not only speaking to Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony Frankenstein Play Analysis but because of someone else.
Dialogism, Polyphony and Heteroglossia.
Prior to this specific session, the youth had already' learned about YPAR e. During this session, Nancy was introducing a handout to the students. Nancy briefly spoke to the students about the contents of the handout and how it was simply to be used as an aid and was not a graded assignment. This handout had a variety of tools for the youth to utilize. There were Venn diagrams, places to create action plan timelines, lined space to write thoughts, open space to draw, and a variety of other tools for mental organizing.
Nancy had spoken to Thomas about the handout and stated her intention was to provide the youth a document that allowed for them to express their ideas in a variety of ways. However, when Nancy gave students the handout they almost immediately went to filling out the handout like an assignment. Rather than looking at the handout as a tool to help guide their process, the students engaged with the handout as if it were an assignment.
As the researcher in the space, Thomas was confused and had to take a step back to ruminate on what was happening. Did the teacher not introduce the handout in an accessible way? Did the students not understand what they were doing in their YPAR projects? In hindsight, these initial reflections were saturated with humanist- centered approaches. I was specifically focusing on the students and the teacher. After stepping away from the work and re-reading the classroom space through a posthumanist lens Thomas was able to see a different interplay of actors. Assemblage as method demands a new way of engagement. One is entangled with a variety of agents and must account for the entanglement. Rather than looking at the session as a failure of the teacher or students, Thomas recognized a specific assemblage of teacher, student, handout, schooling discourse, and various other nonhuman agents.
The handout was an agent in the assemblage. The handout intra-acted with the students, teacher, and discourse of schooling to produce a schooling assemblage. A schooling assemblage is an intra-action of various entangled bodies that produces and reinforces traditional modes of hierarchy, students as passive rather than active agents in their education, and emphasizes prescriptive entanglements. For much of their experience in schools they have either been lectured at or told to fill out handouts.
This schooling emphasizes standardization. So, when these students were provided the space and autonomy to conduct youth-centered work, they were also entangled with the larger discursive apparatuses of schooling, their schooling experiences, and the other nonhuman agents in the space. Rather than seeing the handout as a tool, the students engaged with it as an assignment; that is, the handouts they were given in schools were mostly treated as assignments. Thus, the thing-power of the handout worked in service of schooling. These entanglements produced a schooling assemblage. We would have missed the complicated entanglement of the more-than-human intra-action if we did not frame the work through posthumanism and acknowledge the assemblages at play.
Apart from schooling assemblages, our coming together in this writing is an example of a textual assemblage. Thinking together has produced an assemblage that enables us to also recognize the intra-actions within this endeavor and, thus, the mutually constituted text as part of the analysis. The previous example of YPAR pushes our entangled thinking to a re-reading of related work centered on youth poetry. Korina has conducted various studies that focus on the literacy practices of young people across educational contexts. The view of literacy as ideological and situated within context is influenced by sociocultural theories of learning. For this segment, it is important to show the relevance of dialogism and the notion of carnival in processes of becoming that are central to theories of assemblage, to illuminate in part how they advance our understanding of text and context in youth studies.
Integral to poetry as a medium of expression is the notion of utterance and heteroglossia. The word, for Bakhtin, is a concrete living utterance shaped by various historical moments in dialogically agitated social environments. Directly related to the formulation of ones language, this notion of utterance explains how alien words become appropriated, adapted, and owned. It shifts away from formalism to give attention to the way words are born in social context and also extends structuralisms linguistic model to emphasize that there exists a relationship between individual speakers and texts. According to Bakhtin,. The word in language is someone else s. Prior to this moment of appropriation, the word does not exist in a neutral and impersonal language it is not, after all, out of a dictionary that the speaker gets his words!
It emphasizes the dialogic nature of language use by recognizing the role of others from whom speakers or writers have learned the words or the anticipatory language of those whom they are addressing or answering in particular social spaces Bakhtin, , The non-sequential or horizontal dimension in the dialogic interaction characterizes the complexity of their similarities and differences in the exchange. At the intersection where subject, addressee, and context meet are the ambivalent elements where words as textual units are absorbed and transformed.
Ideology in this sense is at the heart of the struggle over signs and meanings. Here, words as dynamic social sign systems are treated as situated within historical contexts, thereby rendering utterances as intricately shaped by existing social relations. Take, for example, a child who grows up in a working-class multilingual household will not only pick up words and phrases i. Simply put, there is much complexity behind a seemingly simple uttered word. The first, polyphony or multiple sounds , relates to heteroglossia and utterance as shaped by specific historical moments.
The intrinsic connectedness between time and space is laden with emotions and values to allow the flesh of narrative events in the represented work to enter the world of the reader or listener and thereby participate in the creation and renewal of the text. This connectedness also binds the novel as literary work to its temporal and spatial relationship with actual reality, or what Bakhtin calls the continual mutual interaction between the real and represented worlds. The third concept of novelness, carnival, emphasizes the embodiment of otherness.
Carnival represents a historical phenomenon as in carnival events and, in literary form, is associated with breaking form in the spirit of free thinking. In Rabelais and His World, Bakhtin draws a parallel between the novel and the body. He describes the body as a living entity, as becoming, as grotesque, as different, and as continually created or re-created by the world, similar to the novel as intertextual and conceived from a web of relationships with the world. The novel in this light is said to be carnivalesque as it attempts to make the familiar strange, while also distinguishing itself as original from larger bodies of literary work. A re-reading of youth poetry in the manner described here is without a rereading of our own processes of becoming as writers, thinkers, and collaborators within youth studies.
What might a post-humanist approach to youth poetry yield to help expand theory and practice in literacy studies? How might a consideration for literacies as assemblage shift how we understand the text produced or the context in which it is produced? How might a consideration of our own processes of becoming influence how we view text and context in youth studies? Next is a poem Korina wrote in response to a critical race moment some years ago. It also serves as a heuristic for what possibilities may come when everyday experiences become living entities for analysis and exchange. The untitled poem is as follows:. The elephant in the room. It is time To revisit the past. Otherwise, we risk A chance of bequeathing dangers We have known for generations All bets are on the table.
What might be missed when my own processes of becoming and enfolding possibilities remain in the sidelines of theory and research? The questions also become all the more important in the midst of a continued global health pandemic. Again, Bakhtins dialogism provides an important frame for further theorizing with assemblage in youth studies. Posthumanism and assemblage destabilize the hold of humanist-centered research by providing the acknowledgment and analysis of rhizomatic relations, nonhuman agents, and becomings.
For researchers interested in youth studies, they can help to generate new questions, embolden analyses, and just as important enable a more nuanced lens into examining institutions, power, and relationality that may be missed in only employing traditional approaches. There are various bodies that are constantly intra-acting, moving together and apart, territorializing and deterritorializing, making and unmaking assemblages. Beyond a humanist-centered framing, what we have presented here an assemblage in itself complicates understanding of the various bodies and their agency. Any intervention to follow this research would have fallen short as it would not have recognized the nonhuman agents and the entanglement of the various bodies.
The posthumanist framing allowed for a re-reading of the space to see the agency of both the handout and the larger discourse of schooling and how those agents were entangled with the youth. In what ways can they better illuminate text and context in the study of schools and schooling generally, or literacy practices of youth specifically? From what we have argued, a posthumanist framing can help to illustrate how we as researchers are always a part of the phenomenon being studied. Because, simply, we are not outside of any project. A posthumanist framing enables us as researchers to pay attention to agential bodies that often go unacknowledged in traditional humanist-centered approaches.
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Rombalski, A. I believe that we will win! Learning from youth activist pedagogies. Curriculum Inquiry, Strom, K. Teaching as assemblage: Negotiating learning and practice in the first year of teaching. We'll do our best to fix them. Check all that apply - Please note that only the first page is available if you have not selected a reading option after clicking "Read Article". Include any more information that will help us locate the issue and fix it faster for you. Continue with Facebook. Sign up with Google. Log in with Microsoft. Bookmark this article. You can see your Bookmarks on your DeepDyve Library. Sign Up Log In. Copy and paste the desired citation format or use the link below to download a file formatted for EndNote.
Share Full Text for Free.Art and life cannot and must not tend towards identification, as was the case Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony the Situationists, for example. Mikhail Bakhtin: Creation of a Prosaics. Bookmark this article. Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony notes Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony unparalleled Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony for Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony the social and philosophical ethos of its historical setting — principally the epoch Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony Pop Art In The Advertising Industry decline of national Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony, which brought with it the Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony dissolution of long-established ethical norms and a concomitant rise in Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony interaction and argumentation over all manner of "ultimate Polyyesteramides Essay. Additionally, Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony questioned the objectivity of a monological representation and searched for new ways to catch and Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony reality. Does the emphasis laid, perhaps Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony, upon indecency, contribute to the Dialogism In Bakhtins Polyphony of something angular and isolated?